[Favorites] Complete Guide to Lanzhou|Endless Flow of Yellow River, Endless Taste of Northwest!
At request of fans, today I will talk about Lanzhou, Gansu.
Lanzhou, capital of Gansu Province and central city in northwest of my country, reaches Dunhuang in north, Gangnan in south, Xining in west, and Yinchuan in east.
Lanzhou is surrounded by mountains, and Yellow River flows through city. Since ancient times, Lanzhou has been a transportation hub and military stronghold that "connects four regions and leads thousands of miles." According to records, it was named "Golden City" because gold was dug up when city was first built here. There is also a saying that it is based on allusion "Jincheng Tangchi", which refers to its power. .
Starting from Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Huang He seethed all way, but when it reached Lanzhou, it suddenly became calm and gentle.
The rolling muddy waves and noise of Yellow River waves gave rise to water and soil in Lanzhou and created courageous character of locals.
It is water of Yellow River, which flows continuously day and night, that makes Lanzhou a city of character.
Lanzhou is a "treasure city" of cultural tourism. So, what is there in Lanzhou for tourists? Is there an endless water of Yellow River? Got a flavor of Northwest that you can't finish? Let's talk in detail.
1. Rich history and culture
More than 2,000 years ago, Zhang Qian of Western Han Dynasty traveled to western regions through Lanzhou and discovered Silk Road, Lanzhou became main transport route of Silk Road. Later, Banchao's envoys to western regions, Faxian and Xuanzang went to West in search of scriptures and Dharma, and Bodhidharma gave lectures, all of which left a deep historical mark on Lanzhou.
Taiping drums, high stilts, Huanghe water wheel production technologies, Lanzhou drums, transparent soup beef noodle production technologies are national intangible cultural heritage protection sites.
You may not know that The Reader, known as "spiritual book of Chinese people", was also born here.
The Gansu Provincial Museum, Lanzhou Museum and many other museums allow for a dialogue that spans thousands of years, among cultural relics and historical sites, you can touch context of history and listen to sound of camel bells.
2. Beautiful natural scenery
Zhongshan Bridge, known as world's first bridge over Yellow River, a witness to vicissitudes of Lanzhou's history - Ancient Yellow River Crossing Jinchengguan, >Huo Qubing" hitting ground , Mountain Wuquan from "Five gushing springs", Mount Xinglong, "the first known mountain in Longyu", etc. , this is all history in city trace Lanzhou.
There is also Lanzhou Danxia, which is "bright as Wodan, bright as a bright radiance", stretching for hundreds of miles, maroon like a burning mountain, magnificent and dazzling. .
Third, Endless Northwest Cuisine
1. Beef noodles in Lanzhou
Speaking of Lanzhou cuisine, beef ramen comes first.
The basic breakfast, recognized by people of Lanzhou, consists of only three words: Noodles with beef, local name is Niu Da.
The first sentence of many Lanzhou residents every day for breakfast is probably, "Boss, have a plate of Niu Da!"
Lanzhou beef noodles pay attention to Yiqing (clear soup), Erbai (white radish), Sanhong (red-colored spicy oil), Silu (green coriander), Wuhuang (yellow and bright noodles), and noodles can be pulled out. wide, there are more than ten different shapes, such as wide leek leaves, two pillars, two thin, capillary, one nest of silk and buckwheat ribs.
Nyanpizi is known as "most economical" snack in Lanzhou. There are vegetables, rice or "fast food".
There are two types of printed leather: washed (reinforced) and high denim (no reinforcement). The more well-known type is high dan printed leather. Schello does not release gluten, so it has strong flexibility.
3. Sweet strong alcohol
One of special snacks in Northwest China, this is a refreshing drink that can be seen everywhere in streets and alleys of Lanzhou.
Made from oats or highland barley, it has a sweet taste and can be seen all over streets and alleys of Lanzhou. As local folk song sang: "Sweet fermented grains are sweet, old people and children drool, one bowl or two bowls can appetize, three bowls and four bowls is a meal."
4, gray beans
Most eateries in Lanzhou sell gray beans. No matter if it's cold in winter or hot in summer, Lanzhou people never give up on gray beans.
Grey bean is a red bean paste-like dessert made from hemp-colored peas. It is sweet and sour and suitable for refreshment.
5. Fried noodles
Stir-fried noodle slices are a popular noodle dish in northwest China. They are usually fried with carrots, onions, potato slices, green peppers and noodle slices. You can eat.
6. Meat sandwich
Regular white tortillas are pierced several times, drizzled with oil, sprinkled with spices, and then baked over a fire to make crispy tortillas with lamb skewers inside.
7. Braised lamb
It is prepared by stewing lamb with potatoes, noodles, green and red peppers with secret seasonings, and most important side dish is hand-boned flour, which is also a staple of lamb stew.
8. Sticky rice with milk and egg
Sticky rice fermented with milk and eggs is a "popular" delicacy in Lanzhou. It is made from milk, eggs and fermented glutinous rice. Frangipani is pounded into fermented glutinous rice and then raisins, wolfberry, peanuts and sugar are added. sprinkled. The finished product is yellow-white, with an intoxicating aroma.
9. Hot winter fruits
Dongguo pear has a centuries-old history of cultivation in Lanzhou. The meat is fresh and tender, and skin is thin and juicy.
Lanzhou Food Street:
Zhengning Road Snack Street (Lanzhou's signature restaurant)
Lanzhou Old Street (New Landmark of Humanitarian Street)
Dazhong Lane (Lanzhou's time-tested brand)
Muta Alley (Jincheng Food Street in Lanzhou)
Jiuquan Road (heavy sense of history)
Zhangye Road Pedestrian Street (Chengguan Gold Spot)
Fourth, reference route
According to 3-day itinerary:
Day 1: Lanzhou Zhongshan Bridge - Baitashan Park - Zhengning Road Night Market
Day 2: Gansu Museum - Huanghe Mother Sculpture - Zhongshan Bridge - Dazhong Alley - Waterwheel Expo Park
Day 3: Xiguan Grand Mosque or Great Wall Western Movie City - Zhangye Road Pedestrian Street
V. Typical sights
1. Zhongshan Bridge
Zhongshan Bridge is oldest ancient bridge in Lanzhou and first real bridge on Yellow River, built in 1907 and with more than 100 years of history, one of Lanzhou's iconic buildings.
2. Baitashan Park
It is named after white pagoda temple at top of main peak, and from top of pagoda you can enjoy a panoramic view of Lanzhou City.
3. Sculpture of Mother Huanghe
It is currently one of most artistically valuable Mother River sculptures in the country and is a landmark in Lanzhou.
4. Waterwheel Exhibition Park
Water wheels in Lanzhou have a long history. Water wheels are oldest tools for irrigating dams along ancient Yellow River. Waterwheel Park recreates spectacular waterwheel scene on both sides of Yellow River from over 50 years ago.
5. Gansu Provincial Museum
The precious bronze galloping horse in town hall is a symbol of Chinese tourism, also known as "horse stepping on flying swallows", which is art of bronze casting during Eastern Han Dynasty.
The museum has over 350,000 collections ranging from paleontological fossil specimens to Neolithic painted pottery culture, Shang and Zhou bronzes, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing porcelain, wood carvings and other rich collections.
6. Lanzhou City Museum
Originally on site of former Bayi Temple, Majiayao culture's painted machang-type ceramic drum in museum is earliest known percussion instrument in my country.
7. Wuquanshan Park
Located at northern foot of Mount Gaolan in south of city, it is named after five-eyed clear springs of Ganlu, Juyue, Mozi, Hui and Meng. The ancient Buddhist buildings in park are also very picturesque. famous.
8. Lanzhou Xiguan Grand Mosque
Built by Muslim merchants, it is commonly known as "Temple of Hawker". It was built during Hongwu or Yongle years of Ming Dynasty and is largest mosque in northwest China.
9, Lanzhou University
This is best university in Gansu province, 985/211 key university worth visiting.
This is an area where many ethnic groups live together, there is abundant rainfall, and there are many mountains and green trees in valley.
11. Bingling Temple Grottoes
It was first built during Western Qin Dynasty and has over 1600 years of history.
The Grottoes of Bingling Temple are divided into three parts: Upper Temple, Donggou, and Lower Temple.