"Bagua Village", full of mysteries, where walls of houses are used as village walls, strangers often get lost.
The Bagua Map is a representative example of traditional Chinese culture, as well as a manifestation of ancient Chinese culture. The reason it contains is that all things in world are produced from fusion of yin and yang, and all things can be transformed into each other to maintain energy balance.This is main idea behind formation of our traditional culture .
For this reason, Bagua map has also become a very popular method for planning ancient Chinese buildings. The most typical and famous of these is Bagua Village designed and built by Zhuge Liang in Lanxi. There are many ancient villages that have absorbed essence of eight diagrams, such as Licha Ancient Village in Zhaoqing, Guangdong Province.
Ancient Licha Village is located in Guangdong area of my country. The village has a very long history. It has been under construction for almost 800 years. Although during these 800 years some repairs and maintenance were carried out, in general layout and appearance of village did not change, despite fact that it was destroyed, it still retains its most original appearance and style.
The layout of village is best embodiment of absorbing Eight Diagrams, restoring idea of mutual balance between Eight Diagrams almost perfectly, so that whole village can receive most reliable protection, and it can be protected from several survivors and survivors of centuries of wars and turmoil.
The layout of entire village should be considered as an overview in order to be able to see it completely, as well as to most intuitively understand essence of architectural design. The whole village is surrounded by water sources, and only one entrance and exit is open in respective north and south.
It can be said that this design method improved safety of village several times in ancient times. Not only can it use water source as a moat to prevent enemy from directly attacking, but it can also force water source to put out fire anytime enemy uses a fire attack. Use water sources at regular times to increase cultivated area and production efficiency.
In addition to outer layout, the layout of inner houses is also very suitable for concept of an ancient patriarchal family. The whole village forms a circle that surrounds and closes together. There are only ten gate towers among them.
A whole family member lives in each gatehouse, and then separate yards and houses are divided into separate small families in gatehouse. This plan is undoubtedly most appropriate lifestyle in an ancient society.
Not only can members of whole family live together, which is in line with ancient idea of family development, but each small family has a separate yard, which also avoids possible conflicts in family life. together to greatest extent.
According to historical records of village, At beginning of this village, all residents lived in a family with same last name, and it was due to influence of current events that they continued to be different. The family moved here to live here, which has shaped current situation where several clans live together.
Because all people who first lived in this village were called Zhou, and layout and design of village is very similar to Jiangnan Water City, so there is another name called Zhouzhuang here.
However, this village has not always retained its original appearance. When village was first built, the terrain was especially low and there were many water sources around it, so it was always troubled by floods. The whole village was flooded with water.
Therefore, to completely solve problem of flooding, whole village was deliberately moved to a higher hill, raising general area, and a building was built under village. Complete drainage system.
Enabling villages to prevent flooding during typhoon and heavy rain seasons. In current village there is still an ancient drainage channel, it is also marked on tourist map.
The design of entire village embodies wisdom and aesthetics of ancient architecture. Above every dwelling house in village is built an elevated goldfish, shape and shape of its mouth appear to be floating in water and blowing bubbles.
With this shape, when a rainy day comes, water on roof will flow into this fish along eaves, and then flow out through mouth of fish. And when fish mouths under eaves of each house began to spit water, they devoted themselves to this landscape painting, consisting of buildings.
The core of village is Eight Diagram Platform, located in center of entire village. This platform is also called Fortune Platform. As name suggests, it can help whole village gather energy and focus.
Absorb all surrounding luck into village to help villagers be safe, thrive and prosper. It is because of existence of this platform that village has an excellent reputation in surroundings, and everyone knows that this is a gossip village.
The village still has many ancient items handed down from generation to generation. Even trees in village are mostly hundreds of years old. As soon as you enter village, you will feel the combination of ancient Lingnan culture and traditional Zhouyi. The charm that comes out is worth seeing.