In last group marriage village in Sichuan, almost half of households are polyandrous. How do they live?
The current level of marriage has always been a headache. As time goes on and develops, mentality of young people also changes. Many young people do not want to get married, and are more striving for their own independence. The level of economic development determines outlook of people. In our opinion, monogamy is the most appropriate way of life.
However,in some remote areas of China, there is a system of polyandry. This custom is certainly amazing, but this custom still exists today. Why is it so?
(1) An old village deep in mountains, with an inconvenient transport interchange.
This place is located in a small village at junction of Yunnan and Sichuan provinces. The village is called Eya Village and is mostly inhabited by Naxi minority. The geographic location here is very remote and it is difficult to enjoy enough sunlight on back side of mountain.
At same time, a moat-like river seethes in front of village, blocking way to communication with outside world. For a long time, residents came and left here by cable car suspended over river. The carrying capacity of cable car is limited, it is difficult to transport foreign materials on it, and there are great risks, because of which many residents have died.
There are also many villagers who have never left mountains because their bodies are not suitable for ziplines. After reform and opening, a stone bridge was also built here to cross river. Although stone bridge is very simple, it also greatly facilitates people's access.
However, due to fact that roads in village are too narrow and mountain roads are relatively steep, it is difficult to drive through them. All kinds of materials from outside mountains still need to be brought in by labor or animals.
(2) Unique polyandry system.
Due to influence of geography, this place has always been very poor. Due to special national culture of Naxi people, and in order to survive, shocking system of polyandry was born.
Here, women usually choose a family with several brothers when they get married, and several brothers have a joint wife. Every man has a home, and children born are brought up together.
This is also because there is a difference in ratio of men and women in a given area, and at same time, economic poverty allows you to maintain integrity of family only in this way. At that time, due to inconvenient transportation, they could only feed themselves with crops and other means.
However, soil deep in mountains here is infertile due to climate and other influences, and crop yields are extremely low. Such a system can ensure that there can be several workers in a family, and everyone can join together to create a family.
With development of economy and gradual improvement of transportation, this place is slowly moving towards prosperity, and mindset of young people has also changed. The current system of partner marriages basically exists only between older generation, youth still adhere to concept of monogamy.
After all, who wants to share their partner with other people if there is no way to survive? In China's modern legal system, such a system of marriage is not allowed. I also hope that with passage of time and economic development such a system will someday collapse.
(3) The tourism industry is slowly developing.
Because it is a minority village, this village also has rich tourism resources. In terms of architecture, in order to prevent invasion of devils, houses were built crosswise, as if whole village was a big maze, and people who did not know way were likely to get lost. At same time, embroidery and traditional costumes here also have pronounced ethnic features.
With gradual improvement of transport, restaurants and guest houses have also begun to be set up here, many tourists come here to experience local original ecological life, enjoy peace and quiet, and some tourists even want to experience slipperiness here. Seek, feel excitement and passion.
Although tourism development is taking place here, it is not a commercial development, but a scientific development based on local folk customs and characteristics. This did not affect lives of local residents in any way, pristine ecology was preserved everywhere.
Villagers serve tourists when they arrive and return to their original lives when tourists are away, doing needlework or farming. Coming here, you can enjoy a real shepherd's life, feel silence of birds and flowers singing and get away from busy city traffic.
The village at junction of two provinces used to have an outdated system due to geographical reasons. But times are changing, and development of tourism resources, supported by state, has also brought vitality to this place. It attracts more and more tourists, which contributes to economic development. It is believed that economic development can help improve cultural concepts and improve lives of local people. I also believe that gradual popularization of education can improve thinking of youth here, and polyandry system will gradually disappear in long river of time.