Where do hard-working Hakkas come from? Why are Hakki not a minority?
I wonder if you've heard of a group of people who don't belong to ethnic minorities but have unique characteristics that make people feel very special. These characteristics are reflected in their clothing, customs, and architecture.
It is reasonable to say that such a group of people should be called a minority, but they did not comment on this, but only used collective name to refer to this group of people. What is it connected with? So where do they mostly live?
If you want to study their characteristics, you must first start with history of their generation. In ancient times, there were several major population migrations, and population of Central Plains was relocated to different parts of country. For example, our current Fujian, Guangzhou and other places were ancient borders at that time. The resettlement of people in this place is tantamount to exile.
We are studying word 客 in names of Hakka people. We all know that "客" means a guest, who is not a host, but a guest. So Hakki guests of this region?
The meaning is probably same. This type of people includes foreigners who were not born and raised here, but came from other places and settled here. There is a special word in spoken language of Hakka people. This character is very similar in appearance to "I" character in our cliff, except that he has one more side than "I" character.
This word means "I" in Hakka language. So in a literal sense, this is a person who is on a rock. Perhaps, in hearts of this special group of people, they live in a place that does not belong to their hometown, just like people living on a rock!
Modern Hakka people mainly gather in southern part of China. Their ancestors all moved from Central Plains, and it didn't happen overnight. In ancient times, different dynasties had migrations, some avoided wars, some moved, and some were expelled, which is why they gathered here to form such a special crowd.
Besides, living in a foreign country, even if our ancestors are in Central Plains, they are not from same place, but they have same disease here, so they deliberately form a special group of people.
Of course, it is not easy for them to settle here, they are not very accepted by local natives, they differ from natives in language and other aspects, and it is difficult to communicate with them. Therefore, those who settled here also experienced large-scale riots and suppression so that they could continue to firmly gain a foothold here.
Even now, there is still a gap between a special group of people who call themselves Hakkas and ordinary inhabitants of southern region.
(3) Architectural features
In addition to war, after Hakka people settled here, houses they built were not same as those of local natives. Local natives live in local earthen buildings or build high and large log cabins. However, architectural style of Hakka people was influenced by people of Central Plains, and most of them are low-rise houses.
This is clearly not suitable for humid environment in south, so to accommodate actual situation in area, these houses were also rebuilt to form current look of Hakka Tulou.
Most of these houses are round in shape with eaves up and down to facilitate drainage. Do not allow most of exterior walls to be covered with a layer of soil to prevent moisture from entering. Judging by its appearance, such a house seems to be gathered together by many people, and large courtyard is round and airtight.
This special building was also built according to real situation, because when Hakka people came to settle here, there were still conflicts with local natives. In many cases, in order to prevent sudden attacks and assaults, house is specially built in this way, and every day people are put out to stand on roof for protection, after attacking enemy, they return and gather everyone in yard. .Standing on roof is convenient to fight back.
(4) Hakka Culture
In fact, even current Hakka peoples do not have a permanent residence, they are widely settled in parts of Fujian and Guangdong and do not have a large living area.
But that doesn't change fact that they're connected in spirit. There is a special Hakka museum in China that records various stories of Hakka migration since ancient times. There are also many related cultural relics on display here.
In addition to museum, there is also a huge statue of a Hakka mother working in fields with her children on her back.
This shows unique culture of Hakka. Even if you are in a foreign country, you will not forget importance of emotions for a person and you will not forget good habits of hard work.
The current Hakka people are more like wanderers. Many Chinese young people choose to work elsewhere, so Hakka culture may have a deep resemblance to them. Because he represents psychological microcosm of people who are far from home. Therefore, if you are free from work, you can come to this museum to see if you can find state of mind of people at that time.