The world's largest salt desert: thickness of salt layer is 9000 meters, grass has not grown for a thousand years, and the landscape is very unique.
As we all know, desert is a very hopeless place, if you get lost in desert, your life may be in danger. But do you know? What's scarier than desert is salt desert. Presumably, many people have never heard of it. So what is this natural scene?
We came to Iran together to get acquainted with world's largest salt desert.
Actually, a salt desert is just a type of desert, but most of desert is submerged in surface of sand, and most of salt is submerged in surface of salt desert. You can say that when viewed from afar, whole area is devoid of grass. Although it is not much different from desert, when wind blows, sand particles are larger than normal desert particles.
Because it contains a huge amount of salt. According to local legend, no one has yet managed to cross this area alive. Many people have died here over centuries. In the minds of people, this is a hellish existence.
The reason for formation of this huge salt desert is due to movement of plates in nature. Millions of years ago, this place was a sea, but due to effects of plate movement, surrounding land bulged, making sea here isolated and unable to communicate with other waters.
Therefore, in an isolated reservoir, after tens of thousands of solar exposures, only salt remains after slow evaporation of water.
Salt was originally deposited on surface, but under influence of storms and plate movements, it slowly sank underground, forming a layer of salt several kilometers thick. These salt layers gradually get thicker and thicker as they weather and dry out, making it impossible for nearby plants to survive.
As a result, there is no grass here. With exposure to sun, ground on surface began to slowly crack, and it looked like a hopeless hell.
But there is also a city of hope in this hell, which is an oasis located here. After entry of local residents, hundreds of years ago, people did not believe that there would be an oasis on this hellish land.
So I never thought about exploring in past, and reason we discovered oasis we're talking about now is because a couple of residents wanted to move at that time, but they got lost and accidentally entered salt desert .
Because I got lost, I had no choice but to move on. Along way, I almost ate all food and water sources I had. As a last resort, I had to kill an animal that they considered sacred - a camel - in order to get rid of it. To continue life. Finally, they came to vicinity of this oasis and, finding that there was still a source of water there that could survive, they settled here.
They never went outside again, not because they didn't have opportunity to go out, but because they were afraid of getting lost again on the road. Having lived here for decades, as their offspring multiplied more and more, fresh water was no longer enough to continue living.
It has now gradually grown into modern era, and people already have concept of improving life through technology. So they decided to go in search of fresh water. After finding a source of fresh water, it was also very difficult to bring fresh water back.
Because it is very likely to evaporate, they eventually built many canals made up of salt water. After taking fresh water from water intake, they immediately placed it in containers and tied them with ropes to make little dragons. one by one. Animals are dragged in salt water. It can not only save energy of animals, but also transport a large amount of fresh water back to their habitat.
(4) Modern development
The Iranian people now consider this salt desert a great treasure and have begun to modernize it. They use marginalized salt to test it and sell it to world as a unique salt resource, which also brings them some economic income.
But salt on surface can be easily mined, but salt in deep layer is still a bit difficult, and they are working on a technology for mining salt in deep layer.
Although journey here is full of barren scenes, only consolation is that local traditional food is delicious. For example, there is a very famous chef here who every year wins championship in neighboring area with his homemade buns.
Its production method is very unique. He used desert salt to make an oven that could then be grilled and then sprinkled with salt he had extracted and crystallized, not just Very Crispy and moderately salty ones. We can say very tasty.
The usual traditional food in homes of local residents is really very local. For example, curry they make is much tastier than what we eat in China. An unfamiliar grain will seem more fragrant.
Before leaving, I took another look at this hopeless desert, and then looked at smiling faces of locals, and I felt a little better. In their minds, this may not be hell, but a place where they depend on Survive at home now!