Our country is restoring Yellow River! How big is a super project that costs 500 billion and benefits 400 million people?
Recently, people have been saying that project to transfer water from south to north is a great feat in history of China, but people do not want to admit that when this project was proposed, there were many more opinions against it than against it. those who are for Some even exaggeratedly say that this is a project that will bring disaster to country and people.
But now project to transfer water from south to north has not only been successfully implemented, but has benefited almost 400 million people across country. What happened to such a promising and large-scale project?
(1) Balanced distribution of water resources
The reason why South-North Water Transfer Project came about is that distribution of water resources in China is seriously imbalanced: more in east and less in west, more in south and less in north. This has resulted in people in northwestern region experiencing severe water shortages. Long-term water shortages can not only affect production and life, but even endanger their health, hindering development of economies of these regions.
But any region is Chinese territory, and we must find ways to promote its development. Therefore, in order to make distribution of resources more balanced, project "Diversion of water from south to north" was born.
It is not easy to draw water from south to north. After ten years of research and analysis, a relatively stable project has formed. However, once it was announced in society, many people opposed it. Some people in southern region think that if they want to distribute such abundant water resources to others, won't they miss themselves?
In fact, there are many people who think so, but project to transfer water from south to north did not affect normal water use of southern inhabitants. all cities can enjoy abundant water resources.
(2) Difficulties in development
It can be said that development of this water management facility is very difficult. First, in order to eliminate all sorts of technical difficulties, there is still a great difficulty in realizing water abstraction from south to north, which is why many people are forced to move to places located far from their hometowns. , to make room for earthworks and construction pit.
Therefore, there are many residents who do not want to leave their hometown, and some want to take advantage of opportunity to blackmail a large amount of money for demolition. Therefore, when this work was carried out at initial stage, it can be said that it was severely disrupted. But in end, all difficulties were overcome, and these settlers were properly settled.
Northwest China's ethnic minorities are currently resettling in many counties. After so many years, residents who were forced to relocate not only did not suffer from deprivation, but lived a good life. Live a new life in a new place.
Then there are difficulties in implementation. Firstly, if you want to divert water from south to north, then Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, which lie between north and south, are of great difficulty. Fortunately, Yangtze River can be bypassed, but Yellow River cannot be bypassed. But as soon as water that we bring enters Yellow River, it will flow along Yellow River to mouth of sea.
Thus, all efforts will be in vain. If you want to cross Yellow River but don't want to cross middle of Yellow River, this difficulty is very difficult to overcome. Eventually, after much research, planners decided to build a tunnel under Yellow River, allowing river water to flow through underground Yellow River Tunnel.
When using siphon method, not only will it not spill back, but it will also be smoother. And he can smoothly avoid river. When this project was proposed, many in market opposed it, some said it was baseless.
I've seen tunnels under houses, but I've never seen tunnels under rivers. If Yellow River breaks embankment and enters tunnel, wouldn't that be another futile project.
But how can design team not consider issues that inhabitants of society might consider? Pass through underground tunnel below without any security threats.
(3) Great initiative
They say it's difficult in beginning, this project faced many difficulties in early stages of implementation, but none of them affected implementation of this project. For several years of construction, workers from various facilities and teams tried their best, all gritted their teeth and held back their strength to complete this great project.
Finally, in last few years, this project has finally started to go live. Not only did it not cause any hidden dangers, but it actually moved water smoothly from south to north, greatly improving current water shortage situation in north.
I can responsibly state that most of water sources in northern China are diverted as part of project to transfer water from south to north. So people who are enjoying this advantage now may be people who opposed language most at time. From this incident, we can also learn a lesson, that is, do not analyze anything easily from one side.
Because this great pioneering work solved so many problems in China and benefited so many people in China, it can be said that this is an unprecedented project in world. So don't talk about things we don't understand, but listen to what professional people say from a scientific point of view. I believe that through improvement of professional knowledge, we can also change problems in mind and concepts.
As domestic technology becomes more and more advanced, we also hope that there will be more projects that benefit humanity in future, such as South to North Water Transfer Project, which will greatly improve people's living conditions.