The earliest Yuan Ji Dynasty family home found in China is only one in country with over 700 years of history.
I don't know if everyone likes going to museums as much as I do. Whenever I come to a new city, I like to visit local museums. To understand a city, one must first start with its history, and then museums are best historical material for understanding a city.
In museum you can get acquainted in detail with history of city, from its origin to its current growth, you can learn about it through museum. I especially like folk houses with a sense of history and age. The retro feel in homes is a style that I greatly admire. Elements such as earthen walls, bluestones, rubble and wooden cornices are not obsolete when viewed in modern times. It seems to give people feeling of being away from hustle and bustle of world, clean and comfortable.
There are many well-preserved ancient dwellings in our country. At present, earliest historical dwellings over 700 years old have been discovered in our country. These are only dwellings of Yuan Dynasty in Shanxi Province. The most complete and precious is residence of Gaoping Ji. Why, after baptism of history and time, such dwellings of Yuan dynasty have survived to this day, and what do they look like? What's so special about it?
Next, let me break this down for everyone.
1. It has a long history and is well preserved
In my opinion, most of surviving historical relics will be damaged to some extent, especially cultural relics on ground. The dwellings are well preserved.
Gaoping Ji Residence is located in Gaoping City, Shanxi Province. The house is like a courtyard house, square and neat. The descendants of family lived in it. Due to poverty, locals did not repair house, so this historical residence has been fully preserved to our days, otherwise we will not see original seat of Yuan Dynasty today.
There are many other dwellings around Ji residence, and most of residents are members of Ji clan. They have lived and bred here for generations. The culture of Yuan Dynasty has been passed down to this day, and they have kept customs of Yuan Dynasty alive.
Let's look at relics of Yuan Dynasty that are not found elsewhere.
When you enter this village, you will feel age. The houses are covered in cobwebs and rubble is slowly disappearing. wealth of history.
In evening, house is dark, but it has a gloomy feel, as if it were a ghost movie set. Of course, house is generally still habitable, but this place is listed as a cultural relics protection zone, and inhabitants inside have been relocated in others places are included in national insurance regime.
2. Unique architectural style
The residential buildings of Yuan dynasty imitated architectural techniques of Song and Jin dynasties. The house faces south from north. In ancient times, people paid attention to looking at sun.According to feng shui, let house face south. The houses are built of brick and stone.
The roof is made in form of a hanging mountain, and eaves are slightly raised, as if a large roc is flying high. To prevent accumulation of rainwater and dirt on ground, stone slabs are used for laying ground on ground, and stone pillars and stone pillars are placed at the doors .
The windows in house are square and square, window frames are nailed with wooden boards, and threshold and door are also made of wood and other patterns.
From front, whole Ji residence looks like a Beijing courtyard, because several houses are almost side by side, and houses are built in a square shape, and architectural styles of each house are same. This is an ancient rural architectural style of house.
This type of ancient dwelling reflects great love of Chinese for land. In early days, many dwellings were built of mud brick, but as population grew, brick was gradually adopted. Ji dwellings are rectangular in shape, with tiled ridges in middle of roof and rubble around them to prevent rainwater from entering. The roof is made of simple tiles.
The design of whole house looks simple and elegant, and when viewed now, it looks more like a historic setting. Dwelling houses of Yuan Dynasty, more than 700 years ago, are not inferior to modern people. Houses built over 700 years ago can still be fully preserved. It can be seen that Yuan Dynasty is how excellent craftsmanship of modern house builders.
Historians were very excited after opening of Ji residence. Seeing such a finished historic residence, they could not calm down for a long time. What a shocking thing this is.
Living in modern times, we can still see ancient dwellings. It is not easy. I am very grateful to local people for their protection of cultural relics. Through their perseverance, there are more and more Chinese cultural relics, and types are getting better and better. More and more rich, let Chinese traditional culture perpetuate.